A) How to be a member
- membership form
- A photo
- photocopy of citizenship
- A bank account at specified bank
B) Ho to start trading ?
- laptop/computer with internet connection
- trading platform/software
- basic knowledge of commodities trading
- basic knowledge of market analysis
- putting orders in trading software
Follow the trends. This is probably some of the hardest advice for a trader to follow because the personality of the typical futures trader is not "one of the crowd." Futures traders (and futures brokers) are highly individualistic; the markets seem to attract those who are. Very simply, it takes a special kind of person, not "one of the crowd," to earn enough risk capital to get involved in the futures markets. So the typical trader and the typical broker must guard against their natural instincts to be highly individualistic, to buck the trend.
Know why you are in the markets. To relieve boredom? To hit it big? When you can honestly answer this question, you may be on your way to successful futures trading.
Use a system, any system, and stick to it.
Apply money management techniques to your trading.
Do not overtrade.
Take a position only when you know where your profit goal is and where you are going to get out if the market goes against you.
Trade with the trends, rather than trying to pick tops and bottoms.
Don't trade many markets with little capital.
Don't just trade the volatile contracts.
Calculate the risk/reward ratio before putting a trade on, then guard against the risk of holding it too long.
Establish your trading plans before the market opening to eliminate emotional reactions. Decide on entry points, exit points, and objectives. Subject your decisions to only minor changes during the session. Profits are for those who act, not react. Don't change during the session unless you have a very good reason.
Follow your plan. Once a position is established and stops are selected, do not get out unless the stop is reached, or the fundamental reason for taking the position changes.
Use technical signals (charts) to maintain discipline ï¿½ the vast majority of traders are not emotionally equipped to stay disciplined without some technical tools. Use discipline to eliminate impulse trading.
Have a disciplined, detailed trading plan for each trade; i.e., entry, objective, exit, with no changes unless hard data changes. Disciplined money management means intelligent trading allocation and risk management. The overall objective is end-of-year bottom line, not each individual trade.
When you have successful a trade, fight the natural tendency to give some of it back.
Use a disciplined trade selection system...an organized, systematic process to eliminate impulse or emotional trading.
Trade with a plan ï¿½ not with hope, greed, or fear. Plan where you will get in the market, plan how much you will risk on the trade, and plan where you will take your profits.
Cut losses short. Most importantly, cut your losses short, let your profits run. It sounds simple, but it isn't. Let's look at some of the reasons many traders have a hard time "cuttings losses short." First, it's hard for any of us to admit we've made a mistake. Let's say a position starts going against you, and all your "good" reasons for putting the position on are still there. You say to yourself, "it's only a temporary set-back. After all (you reason), the more the position goes against me, the better chance it has to come back ï¿½ the odds will catch up." Also, the reasons for entering the trade are still there. By now you've lost quite a bit; you sell yourself on giving it "one more day." It's easy to convince yourself because, by this time, you probably aren't thinking very clearly about the position. Besides, you've lost so much already, what's a little more? Panic sets in, and then comes the worst, the most devastating, the most fallacious reasoning of all, when you figure: "That contract doesn't expire for a few more months; things; are bound to turn around in the meantime. "So it goes; so cut those losses short. In fact, many experienced traders say if a position still goes against you the second day in, get out. Cut those losses fast, before the losing position starts to infect you, before you "fall in love" with it. The easiest way is to inscribe across the front of your brain, "Cut my losses fast." Use stop loss orders, aim for a $500 per contract loss limit...or whatever works for you, but do it.
Let profits run. Now to the "letting profits run" side of the equation. This is even harder because who knows when those profits will stop running? Well, of course, no one does, but there are some things to consider. First of all, be aware that there is an urge in all of us to want to win...even if it's only by a narrow margin. Most of us were raised that way. Win ï¿½ even if it's only by one touchdown, one point, or one run. Following that philosophy almost assures you of losing in the futures markets because the nature of trading futures usually means that there are more losers than winners. The winners are often big, big, big winners, not "one run" winners. Here again, you have to fight human nature. Let's say you've had several losses (like most traders), and now one of your positions is developing into a pretty good winner. The temptation to close it out is universally overwhelming. You're sick about all those losses, and here's a chance to cash in on a pretty good winner. You don't want it to get away. Besides, it gives you a nice warm feeling to close out a winning position and tell yourself (and maybe even your friends) how smart you were (particularly if you're beginning to doubt yourself because of all those past losers). That kind of reasoning and emotionalism have no place in futures trading; therefore, the next time you are about to close out a winning position, ask yourself why. If the cold, calculating, sound reasons you used to put on the position are still there, you should strongly consider staying. Of course, you can use trailing stops to protect your profits, but if you are exiting a winning position out of fear...don't; out of greed...don't; out of ego... don't; out of impatience...don't; out of anxiety...don't; out of sound fundamental and/or technical reasoning...do.
"You can avoid the emotionalism, the second guessing, the wondering, the agonizing, if you have a sound trading plan (including price objectives, entry points, exit points, risk-reward ratios, stops, information about historical price levels, seasonal influences, government reports, prices of related markets, chart analysis, etc.) and follow it. Most traders don't want to bother, they like to "wing it." Perhaps they think a plan might take the fun out of it for them. If you're like that and trade futures for the fun of it, fine. If you're trying to make money without a plan ï¿½ forget it. Trading a sound, smart plan is the answer to cutting your losses short and letting your profits run.
Do not overstay a good market. If you do, you are bound to overstay a bad one also.
Take your lumps. Just be sure they are little lumps. Very successful traders generally have more losing trades than winning trades. It's just that they don't leave any hang-ups about admitting they're wrong, and have the ability to close out losing positions quickly.
Trade all positions in futures on a performance basis. The position must give a profit by the end of the second day after the position is taken, or else get out.
Program your mind to accept many small losses. Program your mind to "sit still" for a few large gains.
Learn to trade from the short side. Most people would rather own something (go long) than owe something (go short). Markets can (and should) also be traded frown the short side.
Watch for divergences in related markets ï¿½ is one market making a new high and another not following?
Recognize that fear, greed, ignorance, generosity, stupidity, impatience, self-delusion, etc., can cost you a lot more money than the market(s) going against you, and that there is no fundamental method to recognize these factors.
Don't blindly follow computer trading. A computer trading plan is only as good as the program. As the saying goes, "Garbage in, garbage out."
Learn the basics of futures trading. It's amazing how many people simply don't know what they're doing. They're bound to lose, unless they have a strong broker to guide them and keep them out of trouble.
Standing aside is a position. Patience is important.
Client and broker must have rapport. Chemistry between account executive and client is very important; the odds of picking the right AE the first time are remote. Pick a broker who will protect you from yourself...greed, ego, fear, subconscious desire to lose (actually true with some traders). Ask someone who trades if they know a good futures broker. If you find one who has room for you, give him your account.
Sometimes, when things aren't going well and you're thinking about changing brokerage firms, think about just changing AEs instead. Phone the manager of the local office, let him describe some of the other AEs in the office, and see if any of them seem right enough to have a first meeting with. Don't worry about getting your account executive in trouble; the office certainly would rather have you switch AEs than to lose your business altogether.
Broker/client psychology must be in tune, or else the broker and client should part company early in the program. Client and broker should be in touch repeatedly, so when the time comes, both parties are mentally programmed to take the necessary action without delay.
Most people do not have the time or the experience to trade futures profitably, so choosing a broker is the most important step to profitable futures trading.
When you go stale, get out of the markets for a while. Trading futures is demanding, and can be draining ï¿½ especially when you're losing. Step back; get away from it all to recharge your batteries.
Thrill seekers usually lose. If you're in futures simply for the thrill of gambling, you'll probably lose because, chances are, the money does not mean as much to you as the excitement. Just knowing this about yourself may cause you to be more prudent, which could improve your trading record. Have a business-like approach to the markets.
Anyone who is inclined to speculate in futures should look at speculation as a business, and treat it as such. Do not regard it as a pure gamble, as so many people do. If speculation is a business, anyone in that business should learn and understand it to the best of his ability.
Approach the markets with a reasonable time goal. When you open an account with a broker, don't just decide on the amount of money, decide on the length of time you should trade. This approach helps you conserve your equity, and helps avoid the Las Vegas approach of "Well, I'll trade till my stake runs out." Experience shows that many who have been at it over a long period of time end up making money.
Don't trade on rumors. If you have, ask yourself this: "Over the long run, have I made money or lost money trading on rumors? O.K. then, stop it.
Beware of all tips and inside information. Wait for the market's action to tell you if the information you've obtained is accurate, then take a position with the developing trend.
Don't trade unless you're well financed...so that market action, not financial condition, dictates your entry and exit from the market. If you don't start with enough money, you may not be able to hang in there if the market temporarily turns against you.
Be more careful if you're extra smart. Smart people very often put on a position a little too early. They see the potential for a price movement before it becomes actual. They become worn out or "tapped out," and aren't around when a big move finally gets under way. They were too busy trading to make money.
Never add to a losing position. Stay out of trouble, your first loss is your smallest loss.
Analyze your losses. Learn from your losses. They're expensive lessons; you paid for them. Most traders don't learn from their mistakes because they don't like to think about them.
Survive! In futures trading, the ones who stay around long enough to be there when those "big moves" come along are often successful.
If you're just getting into the markets, be a small trader for at least a year, then analyze your good trades and your bad ones. You can really learn more from your bad ones.
Carry a notebook with you, and jot down interesting market information. Write down the market openings, price ranges, your fills, stop orders, and your own personal observations. Re-read your notes from time to time; use them to help analyze your performance.
"Rome was not built in a day," and no real movement of importance ends in one day. A speculator should have enough excess margin in his account to provide staying power so he can participate in big moves.
Take windfall profits (profits that have no sound reasons for occurring).
Periodically redefine the kind of capital you have in the markets. If your personal financial situation changes and the risk capital becomes necessary capital, don't wait for "just one more day" or "one more price tick," get out right away. If you don't, you'll most likely start trading with your heart instead of your head, and then you'll surely lose.
Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results.
The risk of loss exists in futures trading.
What is commodity futures trading?
Futures trade is like a forward contract entered by the buyer and seller where in the good is agreed to be delivered at the future date at the today's agreed price. Compare this with a spot trade, where in both buyer and seller negotiate for the immediate delivery of good and settlement at the today's agreed price.Ex. Assume we are in the month of July, and a marriage function is scheduled after 2 months around Diwali time. We know that during Diwali period the price of Gold would be normally high due to festival demand, and one has to pay higher price during that time compared to what it is today. Hence, we would go to a Jeweler, negotiate a price and ask him the goods to be delivered after 2 months. This is like a 2-month forward contract, as we (buyer) want to take the delivery after 2 months from the seller (Jeweler).
What is the difference between forward contract and futures contract ?
A commodity forward contract is an agreement between one and one as illustrated in the previous example. There might be a counter-party risk where in, the jeweler or the buyer might dishonour to give the delivery or take the delivery of the goods if the price goes in opposite direction.A futures contract is similar to forward contract, but are highly standardized and traded on commodity futures exchange which are the regulated market places. The exchanges stand as the guarantee thereby minimizing the counterparty risk.
Who can trade in Commodity exchanges?
To trade on a commodity exchanges one has to take the direct membership from the exchange. These members are also called as commodity brokers.
As a retail investor / trader how can I trade in commodities?
One can open a trading account with a commodity broker or his associate to trade in commodities. You shall have a bank account and citizenship photocopy for identity purposes. You will need a separate commodity demat account to trade on the exchanges.
What is the minimum investment required to trade in commodities?
All you need is the money for margins payable upfront to exchanges through brokers. Usually the account can be opened with an amount as low as Rs 1000. The margins range from 1-5 per cent of the value of the commodity contract.
What are the charges associated with trading?
The charges involved are brokerage which would charged as percentage to the traded value, and other statutory charges like stamp duty, service tax etc.
What is a Futures Contract?
Futures are contracts between a buyer and seller of a Commodity, Stock Index, or other underlying instrument. The contract obligates the buyer to take delivery of the Commodity, and obligates the seller to make delivery of the Commodity at a specified time in the future at the agreed upon price at the time the transaction is executed.
What are "Futures Margin"?
Unlike a Securities Account, Margin in Futures are viewed as "Good Faith Deposits" made by both buyer and seller of a Futures Contract. This deposit is considered a form of collateral/earnest money for the future transaction in the underlying instrument. The amount required to be deposited is determined by the exchange the futures contract trades at.
Can I receive my statements and trade confirmations electronically?
yes, you can.
How long does it take to open my account?
We can have you up and running within 24-hrs of receiving your application.
How do I find a good, honest, reputable futures broker who won't charge me an arm and a leg in commissions?
First off, the commission fee is not the most important aspect in determining which futures broker to use. The execution and speed of your fills is far more important. You can find a broker with very low commission fees but bad fills resulting in too much slippage will cost you alot more money in the long run. The best way to find a futures broker is by referral.
Is it better to be a technical trader or a fundamental trader?
We believe that the fundamentals are too difficult to know in advance and more often than not they are distorted, misinterpreted or exaggerated. The sooner you receive the fundamental information, the better off you are in using that data in your trading. The only problem that you may find is that you are competing with traders that have better access to this information. The prices and charts tell no lies. All traders are equal in the eyes of technical analysis. All the professionals have the edge on you when it comes to trading fundamentals but when using technical analysis you are equal to them if you have developed the skills.